Based on social cognition - reasoning about the social and
How does postformal thought develop - Labouvie-Vief
- Intrasystemic level
- Intersystemic level
- Integrated level
Is formal operational thought a lower stage of development or just different
- social reasoning - page 250 - last paragraph
- differences in culture p 251-253
Wisdom in folklore, myth, and philosophy
p. 258 - Jung
Psychological concepts and assessments
- Erikson - integrity vs. despair - basic strength wisdom
- Clayton - "an ability to grasp paradoxes, reconcile contradictions, and make
and accept compromises" post formal?
- Meacham - more likely in youth than older adults?
- Baltes - emprical definition p. 261 post formal?
- Labouvie-Vief - integration of intellect and affect
- wisdom and spiritual development