An examination of the intimate act of killing during wartime. Weaves historical analysis and scholarship with writings of soldiers (i.e., diaries, memoirs, and letters). Most noted for its premise that pleasure and sexual gratification may play a role in killing for some individuals. Also includes unique chapters that focus on women and war, training men to kill, war crimes, and the return to civilian life.Bunker, B. B., Rubin, J. Z., & Associates. (1995). Conflict, cooperation, & justice: Essays inspired by the work of Morton Deutsch. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
This collection of essays represents a tribute to social psychologist Morton Deutsch. Sponsored by the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues (SPSSI), it includes essays concerning the three major areas of Deutsch’s work: conflict, cooperation, and justice. Chapter 2 is especially useful in the delineation of various issues involved in conflict analysis. Essays include the application of principles to a broad range of contexts from interpersonal to international and from schools to the work place.Cancian, F. M., & Gibson, J. W. (1990). Making war, making peace: The social foundations of violent conflict. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Textbook consists of 48 readings concerning the social and cultural causes of peace and war. Covers a broad range of topics including inequality, perspectives on the peace movement, and modern military strategies.Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict. (1997). Preventing deadly conflict: Executive summary of the final report. New York: Carnegie Corporation.
Outline of proposed steps and interventions involved in preventing genocide and deadly conflict.Chang, E. C. (Ed.). (2000). Optimism and pessimism: Implications for theory, research, and practice. Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Association.
Text contains sixteen essays that discuss the interplay between optimism and pessimism. Cultural, biological, and psychological antecedents of optimism and pessimism are explored. Practical implications for therapy are also included. This text is an ideal choice to balance out any discussion of positive psychology.Chirot, D., & Seligman, M. (Eds.). (2001). Ethnopolitical Warfare: Causes, Consequences, and Possible Solutions. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Edited text published by APA with information concerning ethnicity and nationalism as well as the group violence, psychosocial assistance, social psychology and intergroup conflict, and the psychology of group identification. This excellent resource is divided into five sections beginning with theories of nationalism and ethnicity. The book then extends to discussions of the major genocides of the twentieth century, chapters focused on ethnopolitical conflicts that stopped short of genocide, and analyses of limited to partially contained instances of ethnopolitical conflict. The chapters in the final section of the text contain various psychosocial theories of conflict and potential solutions. An impressive list of contributors from each area of research.Christie, D. J., Wagner, R. V., & Winter, D. D. (Eds.). (2001). Peace, conflict, and violence: Peace psychology for the 21st century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Excellent text highlighting the many facets of peace psychology. The text is divided into four main sections. The first section includes chapters concerning direct violence examined from a psychological perspective. Topics range from an analysis of intimate violence to a discussion concerning weapons of mass destruction. The second section addresses issues involved in structural violence such as social injustice and globalism. The last two sections concern a broad spectrum of issues related to peacemaking and peacebuilding. A must for anyone interested in the topic of peace psychology.Danieli, Y. (Ed.) (2002). Sharing the front line and the back hills: International protectors and providers: Peacekeepers, humanitarian aid workers and the media in the midst of crisis. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing.
Addresses the needs of all of those involved in working towards peace as well as providing aid in areas of conflict. Important work for anyone for policymakers, mental health practitioners, United Nation peacekeepers, workers within NGOs and other humanitarian aid organizations, and educators.De Jong, J. (Ed.) (2002). Trauma, war, and violence: Public mental health in socio-cultural context. New York: Kluwer Academic.
Provides analyses of various mental health needs and programs by psychologists from around the globe. Focuses particularly on the needs of those who live in areas of extreme conflict, refugee camps, intense poverty, or where human rights are routinely violated.Fellman, G. (1998). Rambo and the Dalai Lama: The compulsion to win and its threat to human survival. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Part of the SUNY Series, Global Conflict and Peace Education. Blends psychology, sociology, history, and peace studies in an analysis of current cultures based largely on conflict. Through a mixture of scholarship and anecdotal evidence, Fellman proposes a paradigm shift from an adversarial paradigm to one based on mutuality, cooperation, and caring. Highly readable, this text serves as a good introduction for students to the concepts of conflict, nonviolence, and mutuality.Fisher, R. J. (1997). Interactive conflict resolution. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
Describes the process of interactive conflict resolution as a means of peacebuilding. Interactive conflict resolution involves third party facilitation of dialogue between non-official representatives of groups engaged in conflict. The book begins with chapters discussing the work of three pioneers in the use of the interactive conflict resolution method. This is followed by discussion examining the various methods and concerns related to the use of these methods of peacebuilding in cases of protracted conflict.Fisher, R., Schneider, A. K., Borgwardt, E., & Ganson, B. (1997). Coping with international conflict: A systematic approach to influence in international negotiation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
A good introductory text for students interested in international conflict. Includes case studies that introduce concepts of negotiation, partisan perceptions, problem solving, and conflict resolution. Provides a systematic method for developing a focused strategy aimed at peacebuilding within a specific conflict situation.Frank, J. D. (1988). Sanity and survival in the nuclear age: Psychological aspects of war and peace. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Discusses the biological, psychological, and social factors underlying war and peace. Also discusses the danger of these factors in light of advanced weaponry.Gerrity, E., Keane, T. M., & Tuma, F. (Eds.) (2001). The mental health consequences of torture. Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Mental Health.
This edited text provides an excellent overview of a broad range of topics related to the subject of torture. The text is divided into five sections and begins with introductory chapters highlighting a discussion of torture from a survivor's perspective and an overview of the research. This is followed by chapters addressing various conceptual models (e.g. psychosocial and economic) used in the understanding of torture. The middle two sections concern the use of torture during war and in relation to social violence (e.g. homicide and domestic violence). The text concludes with chapters focusing on various clinical issues related to work with torture survivors.Gilbert, D. t., & Fiske, S. T., & Lindzey, G. (Eds.). (1998). The handbook of social psychology (4th ed), Vol. 2. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
Grossman, D. (1995). On killing: The psychological cost of learning to kill in war and society. New York: Little, Brown, and Company.This edited text contains several notable review chapters including: Altruism and Prosocial Behavior (Chapter 23), Aggression and Antisocial Behavior (Chapter 24), Social Conflict (Chapter 27), Social Justice and Social Movements (Chapter 30), and Social Psychology and World Politics (Chapter 35). While there is no peace psychology chapter, each of the aforementioned sections can provided useful information.
Discusses the inhibitions of individuals towards killing and the need by the military to train soldiers to kill. Provides information regarding the military training process and notes similarities to the use of video games and violent media exposure in the United States. Discusses the traumatic effect of killing on soldiers during wartime.Kecmanovic, D. (1996). The mass psychology of ethnonationalism. New York: Plenum Press.
Examines the sociopsychological and anthropological forces underlying nationalism or ethnonationalism. Addresses factors that foster the increase in nationalism and enable individuals to commit acts that would be otherwise unacceptable against other groups.Kressel, N. (2002). Mass hate: The global rise of genocide and terror. New York: Plenum Press.
One of the few texts to address the psychosocial roots of genocide and mass violence. Underlying the entire text is the question, “Why mass hate?” With this question in mind, Kressel examines four instances of mass violence in depth: ethnic cleansing in Bosnia, violence associated with Muslim extremists in New York, the Rwandan genocide, and the Holocaust. The book includes two significant chapters that synthesize and critique the research on situational and personality factors as related to actions of mass violence and terror. Text first published in 1996 has been revised and updated to include information and analysis related to the attacks on the United States of September 11, 2001.Kurtz, L. R., & Turpin, J. (1998). Encyclopedia of violence: Peace and conflict. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
A three-volume encyclopedia composed of articles written by over 200 scholars. Excellent resource for students and researchers examining work outside their main area of study. Would make an excellent addition to the reference section of any library.Langholtz, H. J. (Ed.). (1998). The psychology of peacekeeping. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Excellent text compiling contributions related to topics of peacekeeping, peacemaking, and peacebuilding. Topics range from prevention to post-conflict reconstruction and reconciliation. Includes chapters not commonly covered in other texts such as peacekeeper personnel selection and training, psychological concerns of peacekeepers and humanitarian workers, and the psychological consequences of landmines.Long, W. J., & Brecke, P. (2003). War and reconciliation: Reason and emotion in conflict resolution. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Highlights the importance of the reconciliation process in the development of sustainable peace following civil and international conflict. Through the use of nineteen case studies, the authors systematically analyze the role that reconciliation can play in the restoration of social order.Salomon, G., & Nevo, B. (Eds.) (2002). Peace education: The concept, principles, and practices around the world. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
An important book for anyone interested in peace education. Provides important discussions related to the concept, underlying principles, and international practice of peace education. Also provides an overview of the current research.Schellenberg, J. A. (1996). Conflict resolution: Theory, research, and practice. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Represents a blend of theory, review of the research, and case studies. Text is divided into three main sections. The first section contains a good chapter concerning research methodology in the study of conflict resolution. The second section outlines various theories of conflict including an examination of internal psychological characteristics, social processes, and social-structural processes. The final section outlines five methods of conflict resolution practice including coercion, negotiation and bargaining, adjudication, mediation, and arbitration. Each chapter is discussed within the context of a specific case study.Schwebel, M. (Ed.). (1998). Peace by forceful means? [Special issue]. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 4(2).
An important contribution to the literature. Grapples with the difficult question of whether in our violent world, force is necessary as a mechanism to maintain peace. This issue begins with an article by Ralph White that evaluates twelve examples of the use of force by the United States and critiques their effectiveness. This opening article is followed by commentaries evaluating White’s arguments.Smith, M. B. (1999). Political psychology and peace: A half-century perspective. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 5, 1-16.
Overview, analysis, and speculations concerning fifty years of peace and political psychology.Snyder, C. R., & Lopex, S. J. (Eds.). (2001). The handbook of positive psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.
This edited text is devoted to providing a forum for a more positive view of the human condition. This comprehensive reference source is an excellent starting point if you are interested in infusing aspects of positive psychology into your lectures.Strozier, C., & Flynn, M. (Eds.). (1998). Genocide, war, and human survival. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
The text’s essays are divided into three sections: Hiroshima and America, genocide and mass violence, and witnessing. Although much of this volume is clearly political and historical, several essays are of value to psychologists. For example, Gerber’s “We must hear each other’s cry: Lessons from Pol Pot Survivors,” Simon’s “Can There be a Psychoanalysis Without a Political Analysis?” and Kai Erikson’s correspondence with and tribute to his father Erik concerning the dangers of social speciation are relevant to the discipline of psychology. The text was organized originally to serve as a tribute to the work of Robert Lifton.Suedfeld, P. (Ed.). (1990). Psychology and torture. New York: Hemisphere.
Excellent collection of essays concerning the nature and effects of torture as well as psychology’s response to issues of torture. Addresses the issue from multiple vantage points including the effects of torture and process of therapeutic intervention, the perpetration of torture and the processes involved in becoming a torturer, and psychology’s role in fighting to abolish torture. Includes a disturbing chapter that presents the argument of justifiable torture in limited situations.Tetlock, P. E. (1997). Psychological perspectives on international conflict and cooperation. In D. F. Halpern & A. E. Voiskounsky (Eds.), States of mind: American and post-Soviet perspectives on contemporary issues in psychology (pp. 49-76). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Scholarly psychological analysis of the politics of conflict within and between states.Worchel, S., & Simpson, J. A. (Eds.). (1993). Conflict between people & groups: Causes, processes, and resolutions. Chicago: Nelson-Hall.
A collection of articles concerning interpersonal, intergroup, and international conflict. Includes discussion of U.S. and U.S.S.R. conflict, negotiations in Poland, Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the relationship of YinYang theory and conflicts
The text represents a truly multidisciplinary approach to understanding aggression. The author has compiled some key readings on aggression from individuals in biology, psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science, and criminology. Selections are appropriate for undergraduates. An excellent supplement for an aggression course.Baron, R. A., & Richardson, D. R. (1994). Human aggression (2nd ed.). New York: Plenum Press.
The first edition was a classic. The second edition continues the tradition of excellence. This text provides a very thorough summary of the aggression research. All the major perspectives are discussed (i.e., biological, cognitive, developmental, personality, and social). Unfortunately, the text is getting dated. In addition, the text may be best suited for graduate studies. However, it is an excellent reference source.Batson, C. D. (1991). The altruism question. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
The text explores whether helping behavior is driven by solely altruistic or egoistic motivation? In this text the author reports a series of experiments that support Batson's theory of altruistic motivation. Very good reference piece. Nice contrast to the egoistic perspective.Berkowitz, L. (1993). Aggression: Its causes, consequences, and control. New York: McGraw-Hill.
This text is a well-written overview of aggression that is appropriate to an upper division undergraduate class. The focus is primarily on experimental research conducted in this area of inquiry. The only problem with the text is its age. Instructors may need to supplement the text with more current research.Englander, E. K. (1997). Understanding violence. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Short text provides an introduction to aggression. Writing level is appropriate to undergraduate courses. Book is organized around common antecedents of aggression. Additional special topics such as drugs, gangs, sexual assault, abuse, and family violence are also presented. The text is somewhat brief in its coverage and therefore may need to be supplemented with additional readings when used in an upper division class.Geen, R. G. (1990). Human aggression. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Although this textbook is dated, it does provide a very concise summary of the major theoretical perspectives in aggression research. Could be used as a classroom textbook if it is supplemented with more current research.Geen, R. G., & Donnerstein, E. (Eds.). (1998). Human aggression: Theories, research, and implications for social policy. San Diego: Academic Press.
This edited text summarizes current research findings regarding the antecedents of aggressive behavior. Chapters cover such topics as: Personality Influences, Methodology, Affect, Cognition, Self-Esteem, Psychoactive Drugs, Exposure to Media, Violence Towards Women, Sexual Aggression, and Temperature. Each chapter includes possible social implications. Due to its complexity, the text may be best suited for a senior seminar or graduate class. Regardless, it is a very good reference source.Meadows, R. J. (2001). Understanding violence and victimization (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Text primarily addresses victimization. Topics include: Family Violence, Victimization by Strangers, Workplace Violence, and School Violence. The author also presents a chapter on responding to criminal victimization. Although well written, the text does not cover the full range of aggressive behavior and would need to be coupled with a more broad-based text for use in the classroom.Ozinga, J. R. (1999). Altruism. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
The author argues that altruism in an inherent part of human nature with evolutionary value. Text provides an interesting perspective on the altruism question.Renfrew, J. W. (1997). Aggression and its causes: A biopsychosocial approach. New York: Oxford University Press.
The text is well written and is appropriate for undergraduate courses. However, the material presented in the text is slanted towards non-human research than other aggression textbooks. Thus, one may need to supplement the text with additional readings to provide a more balanced approach to understanding aggression.Schroeder, D. A., Dovidio, J. F., Penner, L. A., & Piliavin, J. A. (1994). The social psychology of helping and altruism. New York: McGraw-Hill.
This text provides such a broad overview of this research area. Four authors from different perspectives contributed to this book. The result is well written and appropriate for undergraduates.Van Hasselt, V. B., & Hersen, M. (Eds.). (2000). Aggression and Violence: An Introductory Text. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
This edited text provides a broad overview of aggression. The major perspectives are detailed as well as several sections devoted to specific forms of aggression (e.g., child abuse, elder abuse, homicide) and special topics (alcohol and drugs). The text is well written and is appropriate for an undergraduate upper division course.Terrorism Resources
Excellent introduction to the topic of terrorism. Includes a broad discussion outlining the difficulties associated with defining terrorism. Most beneficial are the chapters discussing the myriad of motivations for terrorism, the symbiotic role of the media, targets and techniques for both terrorism and counterterrorism, and the internationalization of terrorism. The text is both theoretical and grounded in discussion of terrorist attacks (domestic and international) in the U.S. and other countries.La Greca, A., Sivlerman, W. K., Vernberg, E. M., & Roberts, M. C. (Eds.) (2002). Helping children cope with disasters and terrorism. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Edited text designed address the myriad of crises that children may be exposed to including terrorism, natural disasters, human-made or technological disasters (e.g. auto accidents), and acts of violence.Maniscalco, P. M., & Christen, H. T. (2001). Understanding terrorism and managing the consequences. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Text designed to familiarize the reader to a variety of critical responses to terrorist attacks. Designed for a broad range of readers from those in law enforcement to private industry. Not only addresses the immediate consequences of an attack with weapons of mass destruction (e.g. biological and chemical weapons) but also the impact that such attacks have on service delivery and society. Includes simulations that can be used as class exercises.Pyszczynski, T., Solomon, S., & Greenberg, J. (2002). In the wake of 9/11: The psychology of terror. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Provides an analysis of the attacks of September 11, 2001 and the response of those within the U.S. to those attacks within the context of terror management theory and research.Reich, W., & Laqueur, W. (Eds.). (1998) Origins of terrorism: Psychologies, ideologies, theologies, states of mind. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.
Edited text that addresses a number of topics relevant to the study of the psychosocial roots of terrorism. Includes chapters concerning the motivation of terrorism, moral disengagement, hostage taking, and the psychopolitical bases of terrorism within democratic nations.Stout, C. (Ed.). (2002). The psychology of terrorism. Westport, CT:Praeger
This is a four volume edited set. The first volume is designed to provide background information for general understanding of a broad range of terrorism topics from bioterrorism to the psychology of the terrorist. The second volume focuses on clinical issues and responses to terrorism. The third volume is divided into two sections that focus on placing terrorism within cultural and religious theoretical contexts. This four volume set concludes with articles addressing various aspects of response to terrorism as well as prevention. An important addition for any library.Whitaker, D. J. (Ed.). (2001). The terrorism reader. New York: Routledge
Edited text examining terrorism from various approaches including psychological, sociological, legal, and ethical. Includes good discussion of the problems associated with counterterrorism. Includes numerous case studies.